Historical Heritage of Hachinohe
Jomon Archaeological Sites
The impressive and skillfully crafted Earthen Figure with Hands Clasped in Prayer was unearthed from the Kazahari Site from the late Jomon period (approximately 3500 to 3000 years ago), located about 7km upstream from the mouth of the Niida River; in 2009 it was designated as a national treasure. The Korekawa Site located across the river encompasses the Nakai, Hotta, and Ichioji Sites; it was designated as a national historic site in July 1957.
Many articles representing the Kamegaoka Culture have been unearthed from the Nakai Site in excellent condition; along with the national historic site Choshichiyachi Shell Midden (early Jomon period), they provide clues about the long-lasting settlement lifestyle in which man and nature coexisted.
Earthen Figure with Hands Clasped in Prayer (national treasure; from the Kazahari Site)
Hachinohe Archaeological Center "Korekawa Jomon Museum “
Hachinohe is making efforts towards restoration, preservation, and utilization of the Korekawa Site through the "Korekawa Jomon Village Development Project." In July 2011 the Hachinohe Archaeological Center "Korekawa Jomon Museum" was opened as the core facility of the project.
The facility provides information on the Jomon Culture through various activities and exhibits of approximately 600 items excavated from the sites in the city, including the Earthen Figure with Hands Clasped in Prayer; it also functions as a center of research on buried cultural properties.
History of the Hachinohe-Nambu Clan
The Nejo Castle Site, a national historic site, is the site of a castle built by Nambu Moroyuki in 1334. Since then the branch of the Nambu clan with this castle as the base came to be called the Nejo-Nambu clan or the Hachinohe clan. Nejo Castle survived through the war-torn period of the Northern and Southern Dynasties and then the Muromachi, Warring States, and Azuchi-Momoyama periods, continuing to stand firmly on the northern land.
In the Edo period, the Nejo-Nambu clan was transferred to Tono in 1627, and the historical role of Nejo Castle came to an end.
After this, the area was put under the direct control of the Morioka-han fief, but as a result of the shogunate's decision on the Morioka-han succession problem, the Hachinohe-han fief was created in 1664, which continued until the replacement of han with prefectures in 1871. In the Castle Site are sights such as Hachinohe Castle Sumi Goten Main Gate (prefectural important cultural property) and Hachinohe-Nambu Clan Garden.
Temples and Shrines
Kushihiki Hachimangu is the tutelary shrine of the Nambu clan. There are two suits of armor with helmets, which are national treasures: Akaito Odoshi Yoroi-Kabuto Osode-tsuki, said to be a gift from Emperor Chokei; and Shiroito Odoshi Tsumatori Yoroi-Kabuto Osode-tsuki, said to be a gift from Emperor Gomurakami.
The shrine which stands today was built in the early Edo period. The main hall, former worship hall, south gate, and Shinmeigu and Kasugasha shrines are all national important cultural properties.
Seisuiji Kannondo, built in 1581, is the oldest wooden structure in Aomori prefecture and is a national important cultural property.
Daijiji Temple Gate in Matsudate, built in 1827, was designated as a prefectural important cultural property in 2009. It is a rare temple gate with a thatched hipped roof. Other prefectural important cultural properties are: the gate of Nanshuji Temple, the family temple of the Nambu clan; and the main hall and worship hall of Chojasan Shinra Shrine, built in 1827.
Akaito Odoshi Yoroi-Kabuto Osode-tsuki (national treasure)